Proper posture can prevent pain in the neck, upper back and lower back, as well as other parts of the body. To maintain proper posture, your head should be stacked over your shoulders and your shoulders stacked over your hips. Keeping a neutral spine instead of slouching or hunching over is also important.
Specifically for people with osteoporosis, posture training can be crucial. This is because low bone density in the spine can lead to a hunched-over posture, potentially causing further injuries and pain. Poor posture puts you at a higher risk of compression fractures in the spine, and compression fractures can lead to poor posture.
Appropriate exercises that help your body to maintain proper posture by strengthening the muscles that keep your body standing or sitting properly are essential. By strengthening these muscles, you're also promoting stronger bones. Appropriate stretches can help relieve tight muscles, preventing your back from rounding. These exercises can decrease any potential pain or risk of spine injury including vertebral compression fractures (Bone Health & Osteoporosis Foundation, 2018).